|Mumbai Metropolitan Management Strategy|
|This 5-points analysis is followed by a consecutive 4-point proposal development. Prioritization leads to immediate action to address Mumbai urgent 25-years growth challenges.|
|Mumbai Metropolitan Challenge, work in progress|
|Mumbai is growing. Not in population, only 25% in the next 20 years, but it is growing. Due to the sheer size of Metropolitan Mumbai (23 million inhabitants) any absolute figure is substantial. Has to be dealt correctly. Mumbai explosion is in other metropolitan key elements. Car ownership is likely to grow from 2 million to 20 million units. Air traffic will grow from actual 35 million passengers per year to 150 million. Housing requirements from actual 5 million, in 4 member families, to 10 million in 2.4 member families; that is 200.000 new dwellings every year for 800.000 people.
Mumbai has been doing relatively well. Navi Mumbai in 50 years, since 1966, has replicated the linear peninsula structure of urban Mumbai across the bay: 10 new townships of 100.000 inhabitants, a total of 1 million. Now they need to do that almost every year; to be more precise 4 New Towns of 50.000 dwellings every year.
A Metropolitan/Regional is on the way. We cannot comment as it has not been shared with the population and the document is not public. We are willing to believe that these issues have been addressed correctly.
The operative body to implement territorial development is CIDCO, the one that developed Navi Mumbai these last 50 years. The New Challenge is different. Procedural mechanisms will be different, as landowners will have management initiatives. The development approach will account for existing townships and will not have the New Town approach. The risk is a metastatic urban sprawl with commercial ribbon development strips in the American style: unsustainable and inefficient.
Mumbai, India, has one of the richest urban cultures in the world. The elements are there, embodied in the actual townships. It is just necessary to read them and to produce a multi-scalar system that will articulate the metropolitan scale and the local one in fractal dialogue. This is the first attempt to approach the structural elements of that dialogue. Much work still to be done. This is just work in progress.
|India is composed by a series of parallel lines that cross the pyramidal shaped subcontinent from East to West, and a vertical north/south backbone in the center with a set of parallel lines to the coasts. This pattern is more definite in the west coast. Mumbai metropolitan weight distorts the homogenous space patterns and introduces two national diagonals: One in the direction of Nashik and New Delhi, the other in the direction of Pune and Hyderabad. Mumbai bay (which makes of Mumbai’s success as a strategic port) breaks the continuity of the coast structural line and creates an inland centrality for the crossing of the national scale diagonals.
Mumbai built up area is 450 sq. km. Annual growth is 3.05%. That is 14 sq. km: An Area that would cover the entire historical peninsula. To avoid slum generation and serve its population needs Mumbai has to extend its serviced land every year by 14 sq. km. Otherwise the Administration in charge should be accountable for the consequences. Annual needs of Land for Mumbai are 100% in 23 years. That is 14 sq. km. per year.
New land has to be allocated and serviced in metro-matrix integrated location with no disruption to environmental assets, accessible to labor markets for social lower incomes and economically efficient for global competitive locations. Metro Matrix can provide location attending for these 3 aspects. Zooming down into the urban structure we detect two main centralities (Mumbai and Thane) with a third emerging one (Panvel) due to the accessibility provided by the Sion-Panvel three bay bridges. Extensive rail network provides the basis for a metropolitan TOD system of Metro-Matrix development provision